Tomato may refer to both the plant (scientific name: Solanum lycopersicum or Afghanistan Farsi:Bademjane Romi) and the edible, typically red, juicy fruit which it bears. Originating in South America, the tomato was spread around the world following the Spanish colonization of the Americas, and its many varieties are now widely grown 


The tomato is now grown worldwide for its edible fruits, with thousands (close to 7500 varieties) of cultivars having been selected with varying fruit types, and for optimum growth in differing growing conditions 


Cultivated tomatoes vary in size, from tomberries, about 5 mm in diameter, through cherry tomatoes, about the same 1–2 centimeters (0.4–0.8 in) size as the wild tomato,up to beefsteak tomatoes 10 centimeters (4 in) or more in diameter. The most widely grown commercial tomatoes tend to be in the 5–6 centimeters (2.0–2.4 in)diameter range 


Most cultivars produce red fruit, but a number of cultivars with yellow, orange, pink, purple,green, black, or white fruit are also available. Multicolored and striped fruit can also be quite striking. Tomatoes grown for canning and sauces are often elongated, 7–9 centimeters (3–4 in) long and 4–5 centimeters (1.6–2.0 in)diameter; they are known as plum tomatoes, and have lower water content



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